Event Type:
MSE Grad Presentation
Talk Title:
MoSE Room 1222 And virtually


· Dr. Natalie Stingelin – Schools of MSE & ChBE, Georgia Institute of Technology (advisor)
· Dr. Carlos Silva-Acuña – School of Physics, Université de Montréal (advisor)
· Dr. Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena – School of MSE, Georgia Institute of Technology
· Dr. Antonio Facchetti – School of MSE, Georgia Institute of Technology
· Dr. Joshua Kretchmer – School of Chemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology
· Dr. Phillip N. First – School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology
· Dr. Vinod Menon – School of Physics, City University of New York


Exciton-polaritons combine properties of light (i.e., low effective mass, delocalization) and electron-hole pairs bound by Coulombic forces or excitons (i.e., many-body interactions), opening doors for light-based computing, long-range energy harvesting, and tunable chemical reactivity, to name a few of their applications. Polaritons emerge in semiconductors placed within optical microcavities when non-dissipative, coherent energy exchange between excitons and the microcavity optical modes (i.e., standing electromagnetic waves) dominates over the system's energy losses. This regime is also known as strong light-matter coupling.
This Ph.D. thesis overcomes challenges of exciton-polaritons in organics and two-dimensional metal halide semiconductors at two distinct fronts: the fabrication of photonic structures with strong light-matter coupling and the characterization of exciton-polariton photophysics. We enable polaritons in a wider variety of materials by developing non-destructive fully solution-processed microcavities, which offer the required electromagnetic field enhancements for strong light-matter coupling and are highly compatible with temperature-sensitive semiconductors. These microcavity structures are produced from solution at ambient conditions using common processing methods (i.e., dip coating) and comprise a high-refractive-index titanium oxide hydrate/poly(vinyl alcohol) hybrid material and low-refractive-index commodity polymers. On the other front, we identify nonlinear processes that build up and hinder the population of exciton-polaritons in these material classes. We resolve nonlinear processes that are faster than the polariton lifetime (<<1 ps) and comparable to the exciton lifetime (>>1 ps) by utilizing excitation correlation photoluminescence spectroscopy and two-dimensional coherent spectroscopy, respectively. This is a key milestone towards developing guidelines for populating large ensembles of exciton-polaritons, as required for polariton-based technologies. The work presented in this thesis moves us forward toward practical applications of room-temperature exciton-polaritons.